The Beau Street Hoard

Unearthed in 2007, the Beau Street Hoard is a hoard of over 17,500 Roman coins found during excavations prior to a building development and is a hoard that I’ve had the pleasure of cataloguing for Bath at the British Museum over the last 6 months.

On the 22nd – 24th of April 2015 however, this effort came to a head with the Beau Street Hoard symposium.   Three days of lecture and debate presenting recent research on the hoard, Roman Bath and hoarding in 3rd century Britain, courageously organised by the good people at the Roman Baths,  and I had the pleasure of speaking on the composition of the Beau Street hoard.

Myself at the Beau Street Hoard Symposium, a great event at lovely setting – from https://twitter.com/beausthoard

The composition of the hoard is interesting because when it was excavated, it was found to be separated into a number of bags providing us with a number of mini hoards within a hoard.  After examination it emerged that it was separated into 8 bags as well as having a number of disturbed coins, either migrations from the bags, or evidence of a final but long since burst 9th bag.   Indeed these bags held further points of interest in the way that the coins from each bag appeared to have been artificially sorted in order to create bags of certain denominations. Therefore there was one bag filled by denarii, 4 bags filled by silvered radiates and three bags of debased radiates,  as well as the un-bagged material which was dominated by silvered radiates. I will not fully explore the composition of each individual bag here as its a laborious task, however its interesting to note how despite each bag being dominated by a singular denomination, there were a small number of the other denominations in every bag, presumably accidental inclusions missed during sorting.  Furthermore the structure of the silvered radiates bags noticeably varied, tentatively hinting that they might have been collected over a number of different years, although such a notion is still speculative.

So why was it separated and collected as such?  Ultimately it would appear to me as some sort of savings hoard. This could explain why the coins were sorted in such a way as the coins of higher silver quality been separated from those of lesser quality, thus preserving better their wealth. Furthermore the number of denari in this hoard would not have been present in circulation when the final coins of the debased radiate bags were deposited, indeed many of the silvered radiates did not appear to be greatly worn and plausibly could have been removed and added to the hoard over a period of time, therefore it suggests it may have taken a number of years to compile this hoard rather than being a singular episode in history,  likely sometime between AD 250 – 273.

It is difficult to establish when in this period that the individual bags were constructed because of the very fact that they were artificially created and sorted and thus do not reflect truthfully the circulation of the period as earlier and later coins were relocated to other bags within the hoard. How many times they may have been sorted is uncertain so may have occurred a number of times, especially ass the hoard looks like it would have been compiled over a few decades. Ultimately though, it would appear that the final sorting occurred around AD 273

The  Beau street hoard is a very curious hoard indeed and more analysis of it shall undoubtedly follow, however the of cataloguing the hoard has finally been completed and is in the process of being written up for publication, hopefully later this year.

More information on the hoard is available on The British Museum website &  The Roman Baths website and the coins themselves are on permanent display in the Roman Baths for all to see.

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The Hare Mosaic II

Since last week’s discussion of the hare mosaic I’ve been thinking again about the place of the ‘hare’ in ancient religion.

For all the talk of its potential significance in its namesake mosaic, the significance of the hare in ancient religion is a veritable mystery and uncovering the reason would add such great flavour to an already absorbing piece of art.

For the sake of a reason, my best guestimation would be that the hare, as well as the goose and cockerel, were all the zoomorphic representation of a native deity or at least the animal companion of.  Such companions are widely known from ancient pagan religions such as the cockerel and ram being associated with Mercury.   A parallel can also be drawn to a local belief, across the Cotswolds where a series of sculptures dedicated to a local deity all portray a figure associated with a bird, given the area possibly a wood pigeon.  

This to my mind would suggest that, if the hare was taboo as food or a hunting item and looked after or revered by the native British, then being the associate to a deity would be a most plausible explanation for such behaviour and worship. Nevertheless this is just conjecture and should be treated as such, but it never hurts to enquire and it would certainly be plausible. Furthermore even if it is a valid assumption  the next mystery is who was this deity, and what powers did it behold?  It seems history loves nothing more than a mystery.

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Mad for Mosaics? My latest creation.

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Identifying Roman Coins: Deciphering Inscriptions

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